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Describe the features of a cartesian plane in terms of its axis?

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A Cartesian plane, also known as a coordinate plane or Cartesian coordinate system, is a two-dimensional graph used to plot points and represent mathematical relationships. It consists of two perpendicular lines known as axes. Here are the features of a Cartesian plane in terms of its axes:  1. **Horizontal Axis (x-axis):**    - The horizontal axis is usually represented as the "x-axis."    - It runs horizontally across the plane from left to right.    - The point where the x-axis intersects the y-axis is called the origin (0, 0).    - Points to the right of the origin have positive x-coordinates, while points to the left have negative x-coordinates.    - The x-axis is used to represent the independent variable in mathematical equations.  2. **Vertical Axis (y-axis):**    - The vertical axis is usually represented as the "y-axis."    - It runs vertically along the plane from bottom to top.    - The point where the y-axis intersects the x-axis is also the origin (0, 0).    - Points above the origin have positive y-coordinates, while points below have negative y-coordinates.    - The y-axis is used to represent the dependent variable in mathematical equations.  3. **Quadrants:**    - The Cartesian plane is divided into four quadrants by the x-axis and y-axis.    - Quadrant I: Positive x and positive y values.    - Quadrant II: Negative x and positive y values.    - Quadrant III: Negative x and negative y values.    - Quadrant IV: Positive x and negative y values.  4. **Coordinates:**    - Points on the Cartesian plane are represented by ordered pairs (x, y), where x is the horizontal coordinate and y is the vertical coordinate.    - The coordinates of a point indicate its position relative to the origin and its location in relation to the x-axis and y-axis.  5. **Distance and Slope:**    - The Cartesian plane allows you to measure the distance between points using the distance formula.    - It also enables the calculation of the slope of a line, which indicates its steepness or incline.  The Cartesian plane provides a visual representation of mathematical concepts and is widely used in various fields including mathematics, physics, engineering, and economics.

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